Depression can be two different world, here’s how to cope

Prof Lukoye Atwoli, a consultant psychiatrist and Dean Medical College at the Aga Khan University defines depression as a mental disorder characterised by persistent sadness and a lack of interest or pleasure in previously rewarding or enjoyable activities.

The signs and symptoms of depression include;

  • Reduced interest or pleasure in activities once enjoyed
  • A loss of sexual desire
  • Changes in appetite
  • Unintentional weight loss or gain
  • Sleeping too much or too little

More symptoms

  • Agitation, restlessness, and pacing up and down
  • Slowed movement and speech
  • Fatigue or loss of energy
  • feelings of worthlessness or guilt
  • difficulty thinking, concentrating, or making decisions
  • recurrent thoughts of death or suicide, or an attempt at suicide

The triggers of depression are described as a complex interaction between social, psychological and biological factors.

Other factors that could lead to depression include;

  • loss and unemployment contribute to and may catalyse the development depression.
  • Idiopathic- unknown causes
  • Genetic features
  • Changes in the brain’s neurotransmitter levels
  • Environmental factors
  • Psychological and social factors
  • Additional conditions, such as bipolar disorder
  • Life events such as childhood adversity




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